February 9, 2024

What Are Multi-Party Computation Wallets? Top MPC Wallets

MPC wallets stand at the forefront of enhancing protection. Utilizing cutting-edge cryptographic practices along with a collective approach among several entities, these wallets aim to reinforce the security of digital assets. As the value and prominence of cryptocurrencies continue to ascend, the urgency for dependable safeguarding methods intensifies.

Offering a notable departure from conventional wallets, MPC solutions decentralized key management by distributing it across multiple participants. This strategy significantly lowers the potential for unauthorized access or losses. The integration of MPC technology into wallet architecture has initiated a pivotal reconsideration of standard security measures for digital assets, highlighting its capacity to revolutionize the domain of crypto protection.

This article talks about what an MPC wallet is, how it works, and what’s good and bad about it.

What Is Multi-Party Computation?

Multi-party computation (MPC), also known in its secure form as SMPC, represents a sophisticated cryptographic protocol allowing multiple entities to collaboratively compute a specific outcome while keeping their individual data confidential. This approach is especially valuable in online environments, where privacy preservation is a significant challenge. To illustrate MPC’s functionality, let’s explore an illustrative example.

Consider a scenario involving three employees at a company specializing in Web3 technology, all desiring to understand the mean of their salaries without disclosing their personal compensation. By leveraging an MPC protocol, they can ascertain this average without any party revealing their salary. This process involves a method known as additive secret sharing, effectively distributing pieces of confidential information among the group. Thus, it facilitates the calculation of the average salary without the direct exchange of sensitive data.

At its core, MPC hinges on two critical aspects: the safeguarding of privacy and the integrity of the computation. It ensures that even if certain participants attempt to disrupt the protocol, the system is designed to prevent the dissemination of false information or the unauthorized exposure of sensitive data.

MPC emerged as a distinct area within cryptography in the 1970s, with tangible applications seen by the 1980s. Unlike traditional cryptographic practices aimed primarily at defending data from external threats, MPC utilizes cryptographic techniques to secure data confidentiality among internal participants of a given system.

In contemporary applications, MPC has been adopted across various fields, from securing digital assets in MPC wallets to maintaining privacy in digital auctions. This technology introduces a refined mechanism for executing secure, confidential computations within cooperative environments, showcasing its broad utility and significance in enhancing digital privacy and security.

What is an MPC Wallet?

An MPC wallet leverages the technology of multi-party computation to heighten the security of your cryptocurrencies and digital assets. It essentially divides a wallet’s private key across several participants to amplify privacy and diminish the chances of hacking, breaches, and losses.

But how does this differ from multisig wallets? Although multisig and MPC wallets are both created to improve privacy and security, the way they operate is distinct.

Multisig wallets authorize blockchain transactions through a special signature that needs the approval of multiple private keys (one from each participant). On the other hand, MPC wallets distribute a single private key among various participants. Despite seeming alike, the technical differences make MPC wallets more adaptable and simpler to deploy.

Advantages of MPC Wallets

  • Decentralization

MPC wallets revolutionize asset security by eliminating the dependency on a central authority for private key management. By distributing key responsibilities across multiple participants in the protocol, these wallets significantly reduce the risks associated with centralization, such as corruption or collusion, thereby safeguarding the integrity and accessibility of digital assets.

  • Privacy Protection

These wallets are designed with privacy at their core, ensuring that sensitive data remains confidential among participants. This level of privacy protection guarantees that user information is secure, inaccessible, and unalterable without explicit authorization, offering peace of mind in the digital realm.

  • High Precision

MPC wallets are renowned for their accuracy in performing cryptographic tasks. They flawlessly execute complex functions like generating addresses, signing transactions, and verifying signatures, ensuring seamless and error-free operations.

  • Elimination of Single Failure Points

One of the standout features of MPC wallets is their ability to mitigate vulnerabilities inherent in traditional wallet structures, such as the risks of key loss, theft, device failure, or cyber attacks. By distributing key control among several parties, these wallets eliminate single points of failure, enhancing overall security.

  • Scalability

The scalable nature of MPC wallets allows for flexible participant management within the protocol, enabling users to fine-tune security and operational efficiency to their liking. This adaptability means that users can bolster security by adding participants or adjust the setup to suit evolving needs without disrupting the system’s integrity.

  • Adaptability

MPC wallets offer unparalleled flexibility in asset management, with customizable policies and workflows. Users can set and adjust transaction thresholds based on specific criteria such as value, frequency, or destination, ensuring tailored security measures. This flexibility also extends to adapting to unforeseen circumstances, ensuring continuous operation even if some participants are unavailable.

  • Regulatory Compliance

Finally, MPC wallets align with global regulatory standards, making compliance a streamlined aspect of digital asset management. They support AML and KYC protocols through rigorous identity and fund source verification processes. Moreover, they facilitate adherence to audit and reporting requirements, offering transparent and comprehensive transaction records. This compliance is bolstered by the wallets’ capacity to integrate security and governance best practices, ensuring a secure and compliant digital asset ecosystem.

Challenges of MPC Wallets

  • Elevated Communication Demands

The architecture of MPC wallets involves extensive interaction among all parties participating in the protocol. This significantly increases the demand for bandwidth and can introduce delays in processing transactions. Moreover, this extensive network activity heightens the risk of exposure to cyber threats such as denial-of-service (DoS) and man-in-the-middle (MITM) attacks, posing potential disruptions to wallet operations.

  • Intricacies of Technology

At the heart of MPC wallets lie intricate cryptographic practices and distributed computing concepts, presenting a steep learning curve and complex implementation challenges. Any inaccuracies in coding or deploying these technologies can lead to vulnerabilities, risking both the security and the functionality of the wallet.

  • Compatibility and Standardization Issues

Unlike mainstream wallet options like Ledger and Trezor, MPC wallets are based on proprietary technologies that have not been standardized, nor are they open-source. This lack of standardization complicates their integration into the broader ecosystem of digital wallets, making them less accessible to everyday users and hindering widespread adoption.

Most Popular MPC Wallets

Each of these MPC wallets brings something unique to the table, addressing different needs and preferences within the cryptocurrency community:


ZenGo shines as a highly accessible MPC wallet, ideal for both personal use and small teams. Its standout features include seamless cryptocurrency transactions using traditional currencies, advanced biometric security for user authentication, and efficient backup and recovery options. Customers also benefit from 24/7 support, compatibility with over 70 cryptocurrencies, and the ability to interact with decentralized applications (DApps) seamlessly via Wallet Connect, making it a versatile choice for crypto enthusiasts.


Fireblocks has established itself as a trusted name among institutional investors seeking an MPC wallet with robust security features. Supporting more than 40 blockchain protocols and over 1,100 tokens, Fireblocks integrates smoothly with leading exchanges and protocols. It sets a high standard for security, offering an impressive insurance policy of up to $150 million for each wallet, complemented by multi-factor authentication, customized role-based permissions, and detailed audit logs, ensuring peace of mind for its users.


Well-known in the cryptocurrency exchange sector, Coinbase extends its expertise to an MPC wallet solution designed for institutional clients. It stands out by supporting an extensive range of over 90 cryptocurrencies and providing privileged access to the sophisticated trading capabilities of the Coinbase Pro platform, catering to the needs of advanced investors.


Qredo is making waves as an innovative provider of MPC wallet solutions, focusing on institutional investors with a need for seamless cross-chain liquidity. It supports asset transfers across more than 20 blockchain protocols without requiring intermediaries or incurring fees. Qredo prioritizes advanced security with its decentralized governance model and atomic settlement feature, positioning itself as a cutting-edge option for secure, efficient asset management.


In wrapping up, it’s clear that Multi-Party Computation (MPC) wallets are at the forefront of digital asset security. While they are not without their hurdles, the strides they make in bolstering security, ensuring privacy, and moving away from traditional asset storage solutions highlight their significance.

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